6 Physical Security Practices All Businesses Should Undertake


Securing workplace premises against all possible physical security concerns is the primary responsibility of any company. Any breach of security has the potential of disrupting work at the least, and can lead to loss of lives and property as a worst case scenario.

Following these 6 basic practices will go a long way in securing any workplace:

  1. Risk assessment. The first step in putting together a viable security plan is to take stock of risks. A CEO-led team can help identify different areas that require security. This has to be done yearly to keep abreast of changing times and situations. Any changes or updates to the established plan have to be conveyed immediately to everyone on the premises. This will help bolster a robust security plan.
  2. Adherence to security plan. Mandatory adherence to an established security plan is a must for all personnel. The management needs to lead by example here. Regular mock drills to test for readiness are a must. Such drills also help expose any loopholes in the approved security plan. The teams responsible for security can then take stock and make changes as needed.
  3. Employee education. In keeping with company rules, regular education for employees is a must. Each person should know the part they play in securing premises in their own way. Safety and security in an organization is a two-way street. It demands equal participation from everyone in order to be successful. Professionals can impart such education in order to create awareness amongst employees.
  4. Tightening external security. Securing outer perimeters to prevent trespassing and unauthorized access is the first step towards external security. In addition, installation of CCTVs, constant surveillance, and good lighting should be in place. Company issued ID cards and biometric access can also help keep out undesired persons from gaining access within premises.
  5. Monitored access. Utilizing digital devices, companies can now restrict and monitor access and movement of personnel. Sensitive areas can be earmarked with cameras and alarms in order to prevent anyone going into such areas. Thankfully there are multiple ways to do this. Use of proximity cards helps in this regard, as do optical turnstiles. Technology is evolving everyday in this regard. An external agency can be handed over responsibility for installation and monitoring.
  6. Contingency evacuation plan. In the unfortunate event that a mishap occurs or there is breach of physical security at an establishment, a contingency plan is needed. Such a plan is formulated in view of different types of breaches. This covers what to do in such cases and how to secure lives and assets in the best possible way. How employees react and respond in such situations is a vital part of employee education.

It is the responsibility of the management to ensure safety of lives. They need to make security education and drills mandatory to increase preparedness. The human component is the most vital asset of any organization. Implementing these steps will provide a safe and secure environment for any workforce.


Physical security is a must for every workplace premise. To ensure the same, it is crucial to adopt certain basic practices such as indulging in proper risk assessment, educating the employees, adhering to a pre-determined security plan, tightening the security in outer parameters, monitoring access, and keeping a solid evacuation plan in hand.

Reshali Balasubramaniam

Head of HR, HR Counselor and adviser at https://jobpal.lk and EFutureTech Systems. Submit your resume online and be contacted by prospective employers.

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